The origin of Italian wine is lost in legend and mythology. Much is known of old wines by the works of the classics as Pliny, which lists 195 kinds in most of Italy, and considered to the "falerno" of the Campania, as the most extraordinary of all. Horacio describes it as robust, ardent and generous. In the North of Italy is the Rhaetian, which according to Virgilio was the second best wine after the Falerno. César to celebrate his third Consulate, offers the Mamertino Sicilian, which was very popular at that time. Thus we can follow multiple allusions that confirm the ancient origin of the Italian wine industry and whose roots are the time of the splendor of Greece.
Italy belongs to the Group of large producers of wines in the world, and it has been said that Italy is a great vineyard, from the Alps to Sicily almost is not interrupted its cultivation, however for different climates and soils are very varied styles. The international prestige of Italian wines has been consolidated as a result of quality control imposed by the authorities. There are three designations of origin:
Simplice: Refers to wines made in accordance with the respective local uses and with traditional grapes in production areas.
Controllata: Is reserved to the wines that meet the requirements set by the regulations in the areas of production and breeding.
Controllata e Garantita: is for the best wines, whose standards specify the particular and fine qualities. Wine is identified by the expression on the labels of their source data, entitled with an official stamp numbered and attached to the container that prevents the removal of your content unless it is broken.
Best known for its wine regions are Lazio, Piedmont, Trentino and Venice and Tuscany.
Piedmont: Region in the North of Italy, produces wine with a gradation between 12 and 13 ° G.L., with the exception of the Moscazo d'Asti that has 10.5 to 11.5 ° G.L.
The wines that are produced in the region the most known are:
The most famous red wines of Piedmont, is Barolo: Deep color, fragrance and great palate, made from the Nebbiolo variety, in the provinces of Barolo and Monforte d'Alba and Serralunga d'Alba, Catiglione. With four years of aging, it is classified as "Riserva"; After five, it acquires the 'Riserva Speciale' category
Barbera: The regions of Asti, Cuneo and Alessandria, produce this wine velvety and pleasant taste, coming from grapes barbera from which it takes its name. After three years of aging is given the "Superiore" qualification.
Barbaresco: Is a wine with orange tones and delicate bouquet. It occurs in regions of Neive and Barbaresco, Nebbiolo grape, which gives it a resemblance to Barolo but it is lighter. Aged three years is "Riserva" and four "Riserva Speciale".
Nebbiolo: The used strain gives its name to this wine that is dark red and reminds to the Barolo and Barbaresco by their origin. The towns which produces are: Alba, Montaldo di Mondovì, Cornegliano d'Alba, Santa Vittoria d'Alba, and Sommariva Perno
Moscato D'Asti: There are two varieties, Moscato Naturale d'Asti and Moscato D'Asti Spumante, both with world renowned. They are pale golden colour, delicately sweet and flavor of moscatel, whose variety is developed, Asti, Cuneo and Alessandria.
Trentino and Venice: located to the northeast , produces wines of alcohol 10.5 ° to 13 °, famous for its aroma, and are advised to consume them there himself.
Teroldego: Vineyard situated on the edge of the South Tyrol, Bolzano and Trento, aged two years in cask. It is Ruby colour with aroma of raspberry and violet.
Santa Maddalena: Occurs in the Bolzano region, at the foot of the Dolomites. It is a solid wine, fruit flavored.
Valpolicella: This wine involves at least five types of strains, it is docile, garter belt and fruity conservation does not exceed five years
Bianco dei Colli Euganei: it is customary to eat it young, is light, fresh, with a strong yellow color and fruit flavor. Made with 10 different varieties.
Prosecco: It takes its name from the variety that is produced. It is a sweet wine with a hint of bitter, rich aroma and golden colour is used as an aperitif.
Picolit: It came deep aroma and yellow gold.
Soave: Appreciated since ancient times. It takes its name from one of the five municipalities, near Verona, where it is produced. It is light green with Golden hues, freshness, acidity and taste of almond. A very rich wine.
Tuscany: Land of the famous "Chianti" which corresponds to a small region between the provinces of Florence and Siena, but as a name extends to the vineyards of Pisa, Pistoia and Arezzo.The special shape of the Chianti bottle called "fiasco" protected with straw cover make it unmistakable, the same attributes that distinguish it are the main factors that elevated this wine at a high level of international popularity. It is a well-balanced wine, with body, fine bouquet and a minimum of 11.5% alcohol G.L. gets Sangioveto, Canaiolo, Malvasia and Trebbiano varieties. In addition to the Chianti area, there are other two wines the Nobile di Montepulciano with 12 ° occurring near Siena. Rich in tannins, astringent, you need two years of ageing before gaining firmness, is slightly bitter. And the Mortecarlo also of 12° is produced in vineyards near Luca. It is quite light, well formed and Garnet color.
The production of white wines is just as important in this region include the Valchiana, fresh, pleasant wine, dry and delicately aromatic, comes from the trebbiano strain and graduation is 11 °. Procanino or Bianco dell' Elba, this pale wine, full-bodied, generous is used mainly with fish and seafood, the strains used are procanico and biancone.
Lazio: Ancient wine-producing region, around Rome, producer of white wines, with a reputation that tourists visiting Rome not denies. The wines of Lazio are known by the generic name of Castelli Romani (Roman castles) and include the following:
Frascati: Produced vines with malvasia and trebbiano. Is golden, dry, it has body and a minimum of 7.1 ° G.L.
EST, Est, Est: White wine with yellowish hues with 11° G.L. occurs in Montefiascone, trebbiano grapes, toscabo and malvasia bianca. The Bishop Fugger, a cleric connoisseur was named to that in the year 1111 and the wine lover asked one of his servants was preparing him accommodation in the successive stages of his upcoming trip to Rome. So Monsignor lost no time in useless stops, it was agreed the advance to write about the door of the visited wineries: est or non est, according to which came to deserve or not that he stop. When the servant came to Montefiascone recommendation seemed poor to excellent quality of wine that there proved, and so your employer won't let try this wonderful nectar, wrote Est, Est, Est. They say that the Bishop never came to Rome, was to live and drink until his death.